Endangered Animals in Taiga
About endangered animals in Taiga
Taiga is the Russian word for forest. The other name for Taiga is the boreal forest. It is the largest territorial biodiversity, covering almost 17 percent of the land. Northern parts of Eurasia and North America are covered in the cold Taiga region.
The climate in the Taiga region is characterized by a very cold and harsh winter with a low precipitation rate of snow and rain. The region has a very short growing season. It is home to a large number of animals, but harsh and cold winter makes living in the area difficult. During winter, many animals migrate to other areas with soothing climate as they are not able to withstand the extremes of climate whereas some animals hibernate underground.
Cold winters and short summers make it challenging for the amphibians and reptiles to survive in the Taiga. During summer, the area attracts a large number of insects and birds. Many animals migrate to this land in summers. It is home to Woodpecker, Cedar waxwings, Waterfowl, Hermit thrushes, Ducks, Goshawks, Robins, Golden crowned Kinglet, Ruby crowned Kinglet, and Geese during summers.
Some animals such as Caribou and Wolves move to the Tundra region during the summer, and they come back to Taiga at the beginning of winter.
Canada's boreal forest has a large number of endangered animals. 85 species of mammals, 130 species of fish, and 32,000 species of insects are reported to inhabit this region. It is home to herbivorous mammals such as Woodland Caribou and Moose. Elk and Roe deer are found in the southern closed boreal forest.
American black bear, Grizzly bear, and Wolverine are some of the carnivorous animals found in this region. It is also home to rodent species such as squirrel, mountain hare, vole, snowshoe hare, and beaver.
Animals such as Red Squirrel, Wolverine, Red Fox, River Otters, Minks, Ermines, Martens, and Gray Squirrel mate during the winter, and prefer to have their young ones in the early spring so that they can enjoy the warmth of this season.
Owls and eagles, along with foxes and weasels prey on the rodents. Lynx and Wolves feed on larger animals.
Causes of endangerment of animals in Taiga
The Grizzly bears, Beavers, Siberian Tigers, Siberian Cranes, Wood Bison, Red Fox, etc. are included in the list of endangered animals in Taiga. Habitat loss, pollution, logging, and hunting are the main reasons for their endangerment.
In Siberia's taiga, large areas have been harvested for lumbering. Deforestation and pollution caused due to mining activities have endangered animals in Taiga. Moreover, hunting of animals for their meat and fur has added to their endangerment. The recurring occurrence of fire in the woods has also caused habitat loss to them.
Conservation of endangered animals in Taiga
Many laws have been enacted by the governments for the conservation of endangered animals in Taiga. Orders prohibiting logging, mining, and oil and gas production in the region have been issued to protect the endangered animals.
Therefore, conservation efforts to safeguard the endangered animals in Taiga are necessary to maintain the ecological balance.