Animal Cell Information
A cell is a basic unit of life. It is the smallest unit, which can be termed as a living thing and the building block of any know living organism. Animals are made of different types of cells. Scientist across the world uses various laboratory methods and tools to study the structure and functions of a cell. The reason why animal cell information is useful is because it helps in treating various human conditions and improve human health.
An animal cell can only be viewed with the help of a microscope, preferably a light microscope. Here are the details of the contents of an animal cell:
- Mitochondria: They are power house of a cell, which aids in conversion of energy. Mitochondria are mostly protein, but some small molecules of DNA and RNS are also present in it. They have an outer membrane which aids in facilitating the transport of enzymes. It provides the required amount of energy a cell needs. Also known as, "Powerhouse"
- Ribosome: The main function of ribosome is that they aid in protein synthesis. These proteins are used for storage or incorporation into membranes.
- Cell Membrane: It is a very thin and nearly invisible structure which surrounds the cell. It controls the entry and exit of molecules. Also known as, "gate keeper".
- Centrioles: Centrioles are responsible for the growth of mitosis, which helps in separating replicated chromosomes.
- Cytoplasm: Cytoplasm controls cell metabolism. It makes almost 50% of the cell volume.
- Cilia: Cilia are also known as, "Tiny Hairs". They are designed to move the cell or substances around the cell.
- Cytoskeleton: They help in maintaining the cell shape, movements and internal movements.
- Endoplasmic Reticulum: They are classified as rough and smooth endoplasmic reticulum. Rough endoplasmic reticulum, is important for protein synthesis, whereas the smooth endoplasmic reticulum, is important for synthesis of lipid and membrane proteins.
- Golgi Bodies: It aids in transportation of macromolecules around the cell.
- Lysosome: Lysosomes are also known an, "suicide sacs", which kills bacteria. It can also digest most biological macromolecules.
- Nucleus: It's the major part of all cells. DNA is located in nucleus, which is responsible in providing the cell its unique characteristics.
- Chromosomes: It is a structure of the DNA that carries the genes and also aids in the life process of a cell.
- Nuclear Membrane: Nuclear membrane is important in all the cells. It is a structure that binds the nucleus inside a cell.
- Nucleolus: It's a spherical structure within the nucleus and is made up of DNA, RNA and protein. It produces ribosome, helps in the movement of rough endoplasmic reticulum and is very important in protein synthesis.
- Peroxisome: They are responsible for protecting the cell from its own production of toxic peroxide. Enzymes which help in lipid metabolism are also found in peroxisome.
- Phagocytic Vesicle: It is the mouth of the cell which stores food.
- Pinocytic Vesicle: It stores water for the cell.
- Vacuole: A vacuole is a membrane. It helps in intracellular digestion and releases waste products. It also contains water.